The Daily Tck: A daily dispatch from the GCCA team at the UN climate talks in Bonn. Sign up to have them delivered to your inbox during the Bonn Climate Talks!
View of the Rhine river in Bonn
This week’s Bonn climate talks have wrapped up with the co-chairs officially suspending the ‘The Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action’ (ADP) at 7pm on Friday evening.
This round of negotiations was the first of a limited number of opportunities for governments to put pen to paper on the 2015 climate agreement, for which a complete draft version is needed by year’s end.
Countries put forward their positions and visions on how individual components of the new agreement will operate, and the general tenor of public-facing exchanges was constructive. Any progress that was made, however, remains undefined and somewhat abstract.
Perhaps the most concrete potential outcome was for countries to more clearly define the scope and structure of the pledges – or ‘Nationally Determined Contributions’ – that will make up the substance of the 2015 deal, and a number of divisions remain.
Some developed countries, like the United States, insist that pledges should be limited to mitigation, while many developing countries are calling for pledges to include adaptation, finance, technology sharing and other elements in addition to mitigation.
What is clear, as Christian Aid Adviser Mohamed Adow described, is that countries “all have serious homework to do before they are able to put forward national contributions”. The slow pace of progress also prompted governments to agree to an additional negotiating session in October this year.
Then next major milestone in the UNFCCC process towards a 2015 deal will come in June, when upon their return to Bonn governments will re-open the ADP and begin a more formal phase of the drafting process.
The June session will include high-level meetings between ministers, with one day focused on the ADP and another focused on the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol. It will also include continued discussions on the massive potential of renewable energy and energy efficiency for securing near-term progress in the climate fight; and to the same end, workshops on the urban environment, land-use and forestry.
The session also represents the last opportunity for countries to collectively meet ahead of the UN Secretary General’s Leaders Summit in September, where they have been tasked with putting concrete proposals on the table for increasing climate ambition. With such a tight timeline to deliver on their climate promises, our partners are urging government negotiators to adopt “a much greater sense of urgency and a willingness to compromise”.
In the mean time, our partners’ energy and focus will split in a number of important directions. Some will return to Bonn later this month to help shape the new international ‘Loss and Damage’ mechanism. Others will put their energy into two major IPCC reports due out at the end of March and early April.
Many will focus on local and regional priorities, e.g. the Keystone XL pipeline in the US, the 2030 climate and energy package in the EU, national elections in India, and major planning meetings in Latin America. All the while, our partners’ efforts individually and collectively will be aimed at helping every country with its “homework”, and driving momentum towards a 2015 climate agreement.
From our partners
In their final ECO newsletter, CAN International call on governments to go home and do their homework ahead of the next climate meeting in June.
And in an interview with RTCC, Yeb Sano, head of the Philippines’ delegation explains why he believes fasting makes him a better negotiator.
Act Alliance examine the need for a balanced approach to mitigation and adaptation in the 2015 global climate agreement.
Earth in Brackets put this week’s negotiations into context.
In the news
From elsewhere on the interwebs
UNFCCC Chief Executive calls on countries “to raise their eyes beyond business-as-usual” when the meet again in June.